The EFTA States signed a Free Trade Agreement with Georgia in Bern, Switzerland, on 27 June 2016. The Agreement entered into force on 1 September 2017 for Georgia, Iceland and Norway and 1 May 2018 for Switzerland and Liechtenstein.


As a broad-based Agreement, the FTA covers trade in goods, trade in services, establishment, the protection of intellectual property rights, government procurement, competition, and trade and sustainable development. In the area of trade in goods, the Parties abolish all customs duties on industrial products as of the entry into force of the Agreement.

Content of the Free Trade Agreement

The Agreement consists of 13 Chapters and 16 Annexes. The Agreement covers the following main subjects:

Trade in Goods

Industrial Products

With the entry into force of the Agreement, the Parties abolish all customs duties on imports and exports of industrial products, including fish and other marine products, originating in an EFTA State or in Georgia.

Agricultural Products

The Agreement provides for tariff concessions on both basic and processed agricultural products, as covered by the bilateral Annexes V to VII of the Agreement.

Rules of Origin

The rules of origin and the methods of administrative cooperation between customs authorities (Annex II) are governed by the Regional Convention on Pan-Euro-Mediterranean rules of origin. This allows for accumulation of materials originating in the EFTA States, Georgia and the other 'Pan-Euro-Med' member countries once the respective agreements are in place between the parties concerned.

Trade Facilitation

The Agreement contains detailed provisions on trade facilitation (Annex III) including some “WTO+” provisions, inter alia opening up for advance rulings as well as limiting the possibility of new fees and charges.

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)

Provisions pertaining to SPS are set out in Chapter 4 to the Agreement. The Chapter contains provisions pertaining to inspections, certification systems, system audits, certificates and import checks and ensures low threshold consultation mechanisms. The Chapter also foresees the possibility to review the chapter in the future with a view of extending to the other Parties treatment granted to the European Union.

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)

Article 2.9 incorporates the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade into the Agreement and provides for a consultation mechanism between the Parties. The provision also foresees that, should a Party agree on better treatment regarding technical regulations, standards and conformity assessments with the EU, such arrangement shall be extended to the other Parties.

Trade in Services

Chapter 5 closely follows the WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) approach. It covers trade in all services sectors under all four modes of supply. Separate annexes on financial services (Annex X), telecommunication services (Annex XI), maritime transport services (Annex XII) and energy-related services (Annex XIII) complement the chapter with additional disciplines specific to those sectors. The Parties’ lists of specific commitments and exemptions from most-favoured-nation (MFN) treatment are contained in Annexes VIII and IX, respectively. Those lists shall be reviewed periodically with the aim to further liberalise trade in services between both sides.


The aim of Chapter 6 is to improve the legal framework conditions for investors from the EFTA States and Georgia investing in each other’s markets. This is achieved by granting non-discriminatory rights of establishment and operation (“commercial presence”) in economic sectors not covered by the Chapter on trade in services. In certain economic areas, the Parties have included reservations to national treatment based on restrictions in their national legislations (Annex XIV). The Chapter foresees a periodical review of such reservations, with the aim of increasing the Parties’ commitments over time.

Protection of Intellectual Property (IPR)

The provisions on protection of intellectual property rights (Chapter 7 and Annex XV) cover, inter alia, trademarks, copyrights, patents and geographical indications, and include provisions for the enforcement of intellectual property rights and cooperation among the Parties. They are based on the WTO Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and provide for a high level of protection, taking into account the principles of most-favoured-nation treatment and of national treatment.

Government Procurement

The Agreement provides for the mutual opening of government procurement markets of the Parties. Covered government entities as well as goods and services are listed in Annex XVI. Chapter 8 deals with the procedures to be followed by an entity when procuring, including provisions on national treatment and transparency, and contains a review clause. The Chapter is based on the revised WTO Government Procurement Agreement but has been adapted in some areas to reflect the Parties’ specific interests.  


In Chapter 9, the Parties recognise that anti-competitive business practices have the potential to undermine the benefits of liberalisation arising from the Agreement. They highlight the importance of cooperating on issues relating to competition law enforcement.

Trade and Sustainable Development

The Parties recognise that economic development, social development and environmental protection are interdependent. In Chapter 10, they reaffirm their commitment to multilateral environmental and labour agreements and principles and undertake to uphold their levels of protection. Arbitration procedures do not apply to this chapter.

Institutional Provisions

Chapter 11 establishes a Joint Committee to supervise and administer the Agreement and to oversee its further development. The Joint Committee, which normally meets every two years, may modify the Agreement or consider and propose amendments, as provided for in the Agreement.

Dispute Settlement

Chapter 12 sets out the rules and procedures applying with respect to the avoidance or settlement of any disputes that may arise between Parties concerning the interpretation or application of the Agreement.

Annexes and Record of Understanding
Trade in Goods Annex I Product Coverage of Non-Agricultural Products    
  Annex II Rules of Origin and Methods of Administrative Cooperation Appendix A Alternative Applicable Rules of Origin
  Annex III Trade Facilitation    
  Annex IV Mandate Sub-committee on Trade in Goods    
  Annex V Schedule of Tariff Commitments on Agricultural Products – Iceland and Georgia    
  Annex VI Schedule of Tariff Commitments on Agricultural Products – Norway and Georgia    
  Annex VII Schedule of Tariff Commitments on Agricultural Products – Switzerland and the Georgia    
Trade in Services Annex VIII Schedule of Specific Commitments Appendix 1 Georgia
      Appendix 2 Iceland
      Appendix 3 Liechtenstein
      Appendix 4 Norway
      Appendix 5 Switzerland
  Annex IX List of MFN Exemptions Appendix 1 Georgia
      Appendix 2 Iceland
      Appendix 3 Liechtenstein
      Appendix 4 Norway
      Appendix 5 Switzerland
  Annex X Financial Services    
  Annex XI Telecommunication Services    
  Annex XII Maritime Transport and Related Services    
  Annex XIII Energy Related Services    
Establishment Annex XIV Reservations Appendix 1 Georgia
      Appendix 2 Iceland
      Appendix 3 Liechtenstein
      Appendix 4 Norway
      Appendix 5 Switzerland
IPR Annex XV Protection of Intellectual Property    
Annex XVI Government Procurement    


Joint Committee Decisions
Decision Subject Adopted Entry into force
No. 1/2022 Rules of procedure of the Joint Committee 13.05.2022 13.05.2022
No. 2/2022 Amendments to Annex II to the Agreement concerning
Rules of Origin and methods of administrative cooperation
13.05.2022 01.12.2023


Joint Declaration on Cooperation

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