The EFTA States

Information about the EFTA Member States: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
The four EFTA States are competitive in several sectors vital to the global economy and score among the highest in the world in competitiveness, wealth creation per inhabitant, life expectancy and quality of life.
 
Switzerland is a world leader in pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, machinery, banking and insurance. Liechtenstein, like Switzerland, is highly industrialized and specialized in capital-intensive and Research & Development driven technology products. The Icelandic economy benefits from renewable natural resources, not least rich fishing grounds, and has increasingly diversified into other industries and services. Abundant natural resources also contribute significantly to Norway’s economic strength, including oil and gas exploration and production, and fisheries, as well as important service sectors such as maritime transport and energy-related services.

Republic of Iceland

Government:
Parliamentary Government
Capital:
Reykjavik
Area:
103 000 km2
Population:
321 857 (1 January 2013)
Currency:
Icelandic króna (ISK)
GPD:
10 628 (2012, in million EUR)

More information on Iceland on the official government website

Principality of Liechtenstein

Government:
Constitutional Monarchy
Capital:
Vaduz
Area:
160 km2
Population:
36 842 (1 January 2013)
Currency:
Swiss franc (CHF)
GPD:
4 383 (2011, in million EUR)

More information on Liechtenstein on the official government website

photo: Tom Ordelman

Kingdom of Norway

Government:
Constitutional Monarchy
Capital:
Oslo
Area:
384 802 km2
Population:
5 051 275 (1 January 2013)
Currency:
Norwegian krone (NOK)
GPD:
388 866 (2012, in million EUR)

More information on Norway on the official government website

photo: William Fawcett

Swiss Confederation

Government:
Federal Republic
Capital:
Bern
Area:
41 285 km2
Population:
8 036 917 (1 January 2013)
Currency:
Swiss franc (CHF)
GPD:
490 424 (2012, in million EUR)

More information on Switzerland on the official government website

Photo: Catherine Wenger/swissworld
Director
Secretary-General's Office

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