EFTA in Figures

13.6 million people live in the four EFTA countries. EFTA is the European Union's third largest trading partner in merchandise, and the second largest in services. EU is EFTAs largest trading partner; 70% of merchandise imported to EFTA countries comes from the EU. Some of EFTAs key exports are mineral fuels and oil, pharmaceutical products, and machinery and mechanical appliances.

For infographs on EFTA and the EFTA countries, click the links below:

More figures on EFTA and the individual countries are available in This is EFTA, a publication released once a year, and on the page dedicated to EFTA trade statistics. The EFTA Statistical Office does not collect statistical data from the EFTA countries, but such data are available through several sources, most comprehensively on the website of Eurostat.


Economic indicators

 Sources: Eurostat and national statistical institutes. Trade figures taken from
national accounts data.

1 Figures for Liechtenstein are from 2012 and are based on ESA95 methodology.
2 Liechtenstein inhabitants adjusted by cross-border commuter population.
Purchasing power standard (PPS) is an artificial currency unit allowing for price
comparisons across borders adjusted for purchasing power.
3 Liechtenstein’s trade figures are included in Switzerland’s trade figures due to
the Swiss-Liechtenstein Customs Union.
4 Swiss figures are provisional.


Source: Eurostat (COMEXT). Trade in non-monetary gold is excluded.
* Trade between Liechtenstein and Switzerland is not included due to
the existence of the Switzerland-Liechtenstein Customs Union.

Source: Eurostat (COMEXT). Trade in non-monetary gold excluded.

Source: Eurostat (COMEXT)
*HS: Harmonised System for Product Classification.


Social indicators

Sources: Eurostat and national statistical institutes
1 Liechtenstein figure is based on a five-year average. 2 Liechtenstein figures are from 2012. 3 Liechtenstein unemployment is register-based unemployment.
Figures are from 2012.


EFTA Statistical Office

+352 430 133 521