The aim of the European satellite navigation policy is to provide the European Union with two satellite navigation systems, the system established under the Galileo Programme and the EGNOS System. The Programmes are part of the Europe 2020 strategy and finance the deployment and exploitation of the infrastructures established under the Programmes. The Programmes also finance specific parts of the research and development activities such as fundamental elements to the Galileo System.
- The aim of the Galileo Programme is to establish and operate the first global satellite navigation and positioning infrastructure specifically designed for civilian purposes, which can be used by a variety of public and private actors in Europe and worldwide.
- The aim of the EGNOS Programme is to improve the quality of open signals from existing global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) as well as those from the open service offered by the system established under the Galileo Programme, when they become available.
The GNSS Agency was set up in order to achieve the objectives of the Galileo and EGNOS Programmes and implement certain tasks associated with the progress of those Programmes.
The Galileo Programme consists of the following phases:
- a definition phase, which ended in 2001;
- a development and validation phase, which was scheduled to be completed by 31 December 2013;
- a deployment phase to be completed by 31 December 2020;
- an exploitation phase, which is to be completed by 31 December 2020.
The EGNOS Programme consists of the exploitation phase.
Total EU budget
The financial envelope for the period 2014-2020 is EUR 7 071, 73 million
The Regulation establishing the Galileo Programme was incorporated into the EEA Agreement on 14 November 2014, foreseeing participation from Norway.