The EEA EFTA States

Information about the three EEA EFTA States: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
The 28 EU Member States, together with the three EFTA States Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, make up the EEA Contracting Parties (the 31 EEA States). In everyday language the latter three go by the term “EEA EFTA States” in order to clarify that the other EFTA State, Switzerland, is not party to the EEA Agreement. However, in the EEA Agreement and legal texts linked to it (e.g. in Joint Committee Decisions (JCDs)) the term “EFTA States” refers to the three States and is also understood to exclude Switzerland.

 

Republic of Iceland

Government:
Parliamentary Republic
Capital:
Reykjavik
Area:
103 000 km2
Population:
348 450 (31 December 2017)
Currency:
Icelandic króna (ISK)
GPD:
21 660 (2017, in million EUR)

More information on Iceland on the official government website

Principality of Liechtenstein

Government:
Constitutional Monarchy
Capital:
Vaduz
Area:
160 km2
Population:
38 114 (31 December 2017)
Currency:
Swiss franc (CHF)
GPD:
5 631 (2016, in million EUR)

More information on Liechtenstein on the official government website

photo: Tom Ordelman

Kingdom of Norway

Government:
Constitutional Monarchy
Capital:
Oslo
Area:
384 802 km2
Population:
5 295 619 (31 December 2017)
Currency:
Norwegian krone (NOK)
GPD:
354 287 (2017, in million EUR)

More information on Norway on the official government website

photo: William Fawcett
Head of EEA Policy Coordination
EEA Coordination Division

+32 22861 737